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Electric car

electric car electric car

In the 1930s, National City Lines, bought a partnership of General Motors, Firestone, and Standard Oil of California, many electric tram networks across the country to resolve, to them, and they should be replaced with GM buses. The partnership was convicted of conspiracy to monopolize the sale of equipment and supplies for their Subsidiaries of the conspiracy, but were acquitted in a conspiracy to monopolize the provision of transportation services. Electric tram line technologies could be used to BEVS and recharge PHEVs on the highway while the user drives and provides virtually unrestricted driving range. The technology is old and established (see: Conduit current collection, nickel-iron battery). The infrastructure was not built.

Chrysler, Ford, GM, Honda, Nissan and Toyota also produced a limited number of EVS for California drivers. In 2003, after the expiry of the lease EV1, GM crushed them. The crushing has been variously attributed to 1) the automotive industry, successful federal court challenge to zero-emission vehicle mandate in California, 2) a federal regulation required GM to produce and maintain spare parts for the few thousand ev1s and 3) the success of the oil - Auto Industry " and media campaign to reduce the public acceptance of electric vehicles.

Electric vehicles are the possibilities of what happen to the environmental benefits when an electricity production from renewable energy station online, a fossil fuel station is closed down or have upgraded. Conversely happens when using shift government policy or economic conditions generator to more polluting fossil fuels and inefficient internal combustion vehicles (ICEVs) or sources that can be undone. Even in such a situation, and electric vehicles are more efficient than a comparable amount of fossil fuel vehicles. Terrain with a liberalized electricity market an electric car owner, whether he be run out of electric vehicle conventional electrical energy, or pure electric energy from renewable sources (presumably at an additional cost) to choose and change at any time between the two.

In the systems of movement is provided by a rotating electric motor available. However, it is possible to roll " " motor can be directly matched against a specific route available. These linear motors are in maglev trains, which supports the rails by the magnetic float used. Thus, almost no rolling resistance of the vehicle and no mechanical wear of the train or track. Levitation and forward motion are two independent effects, requires the forward driving force is usually an external power supply, although some species, such as Inductrack achieve levitation at low speeds without. In addition to the high-performance control systems are required, switching and curvature of the title is with linear motors, which have so far their activities in high-speed point to point services restricted difficult.

electric vehicles from fossil fuels, different vehicles, allowing them, their power from a number of sources, including fossil fuels themselves, nuclear and renewable sources such as tidal power, solar power, wind power and received. This energy is then transferred to the vehicle through the use of overhead power lines, wireless power transmission, or a direct connection via an electrical cable. The electricity can then be stored on board the vehicle with a battery, flywheel, Supercapacitor, or fuel cell. Vehicles, the use of motors on the principle of combustion can usually only their energy from a single or a few sources not normally determine renewable fossil fuels. A major advantage of electric or hybrid electric vehicles is their ability to recover braking energy is recovered as electric power, on-board battery or back to the grid. When fossil fuels slow vehicles, they just dump the energy into the environment as waste heat. This gives electric vehicles to gain greater efficiency in city traffic.

Electric vehicles first emerged in the mid-19th Century, when the river was one of the preferred methods for vehicle propulsion, provide comfort and ease of use, could not be reached from the gasoline cars of the time. At a time when the internal combustion engine (ICE) was completely replaced as the electric drive propulsion for cars, electricity, however, remained common in other types of vehicles such as trains and smaller vehicles of all types.

Although electric vehicles only a few direct emissions to leave all to create energy through power generation, and will usually produce emit pollution and waste, if it is not generated by renewable power plants. Since electric vehicles power is supplied regardless of their supplier/operator to use, electric vehicles can be made more efficient or less polluting by changing the electrical generating facilities. This would be done by an electric utility under a government energy policy, negotiated in a time scale between utilities and the government.

Most of the large electric transport systems are stationary sources of electricity directly to the vehicles are driven through wires connected to each other. Electric traction allows the use of regenerative braking, where the engines are used as brakes and generators, to convert the motion to normally take the train into electrical energy, which then fed back into the lines. This system is particularly advantageous in the mountains of operations, such as descending vehicles can produce a large share of power for too low to high. This renewable energy system is only viable if the system is large enough to use the power generated in descending order of vehicles.